Fluorine and the Environment: Atmospheric Chemistry, Emissions & Lithosphere

Front Cover
Alain Tressaud
Elsevier, 2006 M08 17 - 318 pages
Advances in Fluorine Science presents critical multidisciplinary overviews for areas in which fluorine and fluoride compounds have a decisive impact. The individual volumes of Advances in Fluorine Science are thematic, addressing comprehensively both the science and applications on topics including the Environment, Green chemistry, Medicine, Health & Life Sciences, New Technologies & Materials Science, Energy and the Earth Sciences.
For each subject the contributors will clearly inform the reader on the nature of the problem (if any) and on the solutions, combining knowledge from different scientific disciplines, that have been proposed to solve each issue.
This volume covers a wide scope of important issues about our atmospheric environment and contains contributions from both chemists and environmental scientists. Articles review the origin of fluorine-emissions either from natural or anthropogenic origin; the chemistry of fluorine- and halogen-based species in the atmosphere; the monitoring and characterization of atmospheric pollutants; new generations of halocarbons and improved destruction procedures of banned CFCs; the role of fluorides within both our geosphere: volcanic magmas and natural fluorine emissions, and effects on our biosphere: life cycle, plants and animals.

* Examines the role of fluorine and fluoride products in our environment: from the geosphere to the atmosphere through the biosphere
* Discusses the efforts of scientists and industry groups towards the improvement of environmental and sustainability issues
* Multidisciplinary contributions from chemists, geologists, biologists, environmentalists and industry staffs

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Contents

Chapter 1 Fluorine in the Atmosphere
1
Chapter 2 Evaluation and Selection of CFC Alternatives
33
Atmospheric Chemistry and Its Environmental Importance via the Greenhouse Effect
89
Chapter 4 Production of Second or ThirdGeneration Fluorinebased Refrigerants from PhotoDechlorination of Fluorocarbon Wastes
131
Observations by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
165
The Role in Japanese Volcanic Rocks
187
The Case of Ceramic Industries
225
Effects on Plants and Animals
251
Subject Index
299
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Page 82 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 83 - UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change...
Page 184 - V. Dana, VM Devi, J.-M. Flaud, RR Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, KW Jucks, AG Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, ST Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, CP Rinsland, MAH Smith, J. Tennyson, RN Tolchenov, RA Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G.
Page xvi - This brings up the nightmarish thought that if the chemical industry had developed organobromine compounds instead of CFCs — or alternatively, if chlorine chemistry would have run more like that of bromine — then without any preparedness, we would have been faced with a catastrophic ozone hole everywhere and at all seasons during the 1970s, probably before the atmospheric chemists had developed the necessary knowledge to identify the problem and the appropriate techniques for the necessary critical...
Page 33 - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST...
Page 3 - Protocol is an amendment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Countries that ratify this protocol commit to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases, or engage in emissions trading if they maintain or increase emissions of these gases.
Page 2 - The Montreal Protocol stipulates that the production and consumption of compounds that deplete ozone in the stratosphere — chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform — are to be phased out by 2000 (2005 for methyl chloroform). "Polluter Pay" Principle The "polluter pay" principle requires polluters to pay for the pollution they discharge.
Page 85 - Safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system. Issues related to hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons.
Page 2 - The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a landmark international agreement designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer. The treaty was originally signed in 1 987 and substantially amended in 1990 and 1992.
Page 32 - McCulloch, A. (2000) A history of chemically and radiatively important gases in air deduced from ALE/GAGE/AGAGE. J. Geophys. Res., 105D, 17751-17792.

About the author (2006)

Alain Tressaud is Emeritus Research Director at ICMCB-CNRS, Bordeaux University. He is President of the European Academy of Science in Brussels and member of several European academies. He founded and chaired the French Network on Fluorine Chemistry, sponsored by CNRS, until 2008. He has received several awards, including the CEA Award of French Academy of Sciences (2008), the Fluorine Award of the American Chemical Society (2011), and the International Henri Moissan Prize (2013). His scientific interest covers various fields, including synthesis, physical chemical characterizations, applications in fluorine chemistry, solid state chemistry, and materials sciences. His work also deals with surface modification of materials and intercalation chemistry. Professor Tressaud’s scientific production includes more than 360 papers in international journals, 20 book chapter contributions, and 12 internationalized patents. He has also edited several books in his role as editor-in-chief of the series “Advances in Fluorine Science (2006) and “Progress in Fluorine Science (2016) with Elsevier.

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