Fluorine and the Environment: Atmospheric Chemistry, Emissions & Lithosphere
Advances in Fluorine Science presents critical multidisciplinary overviews for areas in which fluorine and fluoride compounds have a decisive impact. The individual volumes of Advances in Fluorine Science are thematic, addressing comprehensively both the science and applications on topics including the Environment, Green chemistry, Medicine, Health & Life Sciences, New Technologies & Materials Science, Energy and the Earth Sciences.
For each subject the contributors will clearly inform the reader on the nature of the problem (if any) and on the solutions, combining knowledge from different scientific disciplines, that have been proposed to solve each issue.
This volume covers a wide scope of important issues about our atmospheric environment and contains contributions from both chemists and environmental scientists. Articles review the origin of fluorine-emissions either from natural or anthropogenic origin; the chemistry of fluorine- and halogen-based species in the atmosphere; the monitoring and characterization of atmospheric pollutants; new generations of halocarbons and improved destruction procedures of banned CFCs; the role of fluorides within both our geosphere: volcanic magmas and natural fluorine emissions, and effects on our biosphere: life cycle, plants and animals.
* Examines the role of fluorine and fluoride products in our environment: from the geosphere to the atmosphere through the biosphere
* Discusses the efforts of scientists and industry groups towards the improvement of environmental and sustainability issues
* Multidisciplinary contributions from chemists, geologists, biologists, environmentalists and industry staffs
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Its Environmental Importance via the Greenhouse Effect
Chapter 4 Production of Second or ThirdGeneration Fluorinebased Refrigerants from PhotoDechlorination of Fluorocarbon Wastes
Observations by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
The Role in Japanese Volcanic Rocks
The Case of Ceramic Industries
Effects on Plants and Animals
Other editions - View all
absorption acid amount analysis Andesite anion atmospheric lifetime atoms Basalt blowing agents bromine calculated carbon cations CCl2 ceramic CFC alternatives CFCs CHClF2 Chem chemical chemistry chlorine chlorofluorocarbons COF2 concentration correlation decomposition degassing determined dissociation electron attachment energy environment environmental equation evaluation factors firing flammability fluoride content fluorine emission fluorocarbons foams gases Geophys global warming greenhouse effect greenhouse gas halogen HCFCs infrared ionisation kiln Kumamoto Kumamoto Pref Kyoto Protocol lava magma measured mesosphere method molecule NaCl Nishiumi OH radical ozone depletion ozone layer photolysis Phys plants pollutant polyurethane potential ppbv pressure production radiative forcing rate coefficient rate constant ratio reaction rate refrigerants release SĄC samples sensitive SF5 CF3 SiF4 sodium soil solution solvent species spectra spectroscopy spectrum stratosphere studies substance sulfur Table temperature thermal troposphere volatile volcanic gas volcanic rocks
Page 82 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 83 - UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change...
Page 184 - V. Dana, VM Devi, J.-M. Flaud, RR Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, KW Jucks, AG Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, ST Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, CP Rinsland, MAH Smith, J. Tennyson, RN Tolchenov, RA Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G.
Page xvi - This brings up the nightmarish thought that if the chemical industry had developed organobromine compounds instead of CFCs — or alternatively, if chlorine chemistry would have run more like that of bromine — then without any preparedness, we would have been faced with a catastrophic ozone hole everywhere and at all seasons during the 1970s, probably before the atmospheric chemists had developed the necessary knowledge to identify the problem and the appropriate techniques for the necessary critical...
Page 33 - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST...
Page 3 - Protocol is an amendment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Countries that ratify this protocol commit to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases, or engage in emissions trading if they maintain or increase emissions of these gases.
Page 2 - The Montreal Protocol stipulates that the production and consumption of compounds that deplete ozone in the stratosphere — chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform — are to be phased out by 2000 (2005 for methyl chloroform). "Polluter Pay" Principle The "polluter pay" principle requires polluters to pay for the pollution they discharge.
Page 85 - Safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system. Issues related to hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons.
Page 2 - The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a landmark international agreement designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer. The treaty was originally signed in 1 987 and substantially amended in 1990 and 1992.