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S. HRG. 98-440

COMPUTER SECURITY IN THE FEDERAL GOVERN-
MENT AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON

OVERSIGHT OF GOVERNMENT MANAGEMENT

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON

GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS
UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

OCTOBER 25 AND 26, 1983

Printed for the use of the Committee on Governmental Affairs

27-754 O

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON: 1983

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CONTENTS

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Letter to Senator William S. Cohen from Robert P. Campbell, president,
Advanced Information Management Inc., October 21, 1983..

"Locking Up the Mainframe," Robert P. Campbell, Computerworld, October

10, 1983.

COMPUTER SECURITY IN THE FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1983

U.S. SENATE,

SUBCOMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT OF

GOVERNMENT MANAGEMENT,

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C.

The subcommittee met at 2:05 p.m., in room SD-342, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. William S. Cohen (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Cohen and Bingaman.

Staff present: Susan M. Collins, staff director; Mary B. Gerwin, counsel; Peggy W. McGaffigan, professional staff member; Winthrop S. Cashdollar, professional staff member; Frances C. deVergie, chief clerk; Rachel D. Harlan, assistant chief clerk; Linda J. Gustitus, minority staff director and chief counsel to the minority; and Claudette V. Humphreys, minority counsel.

OPENING STATEMENT OF SENATOR COHEN

Senator COHEN. The subcommittee will come to order.

Today, the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management begins 2 days of hearings on the adequacy of computer security within the Federal Government and in the private sector.

The increasing prominence of computers in both the private sector and the Government has raised serious ethical, legal, and administrative questions regarding their use and abuse.

This subcommittee has had a standing interest in issues pertaining to the role of computers in Government management and operations. Last December, I chaired hearings on the use of computer matching to detect waste, fraud, and abuse in Government programs. At those hearings, the subcommittee examined the implications of computer matching for the privacy rights of individuals.

Today and tomorrow, I hope to pursue the questions of what is being done and what remains to be done in order to protect the Government and private concerns from losses suffered through the abuse of their computer systems.

Reflection upon the pervasiveness of computers in our society and upon recent accounts of the abuse of these computers makes clear the imperative to attend to the security of these systems. The rapid evolution, diversification, and application of computers in business, banking, the Government, and the home have worked a

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