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For sale by the U.S. Goverment Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, DC 20402

ISBN 0-16-057211-8

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COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE

F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., Wisconsin, Chairman SHERWOOD L. BOEHLERT, New York GEORGE E. BROWN, Jr., California RMM* HARRIS W. FAWELL, Illinois

RALPH M. HALL, Texas CONSTANCE A. MORELLA, Maryland BART GORDON, Tennessee CURT WELDON, Pennsylvania

JAMES A. TRAFICANT, Jr., Ohio DANA ROHRABACHER, California

TIM ROEMER, Indiana JOE BARTON, Texas

JAMES A. BARCIA, Michigan KEN CALVERT, California

EDDIE BERNICE JOHNSON, Texas ROSCOE G. BARTLETT, Maryland

ALCEE L. HASTINGS, Florida VERNON J. EHLERS, Michigan**

LYNN N. RIVERS, Michigan DAVE WELDON, Florida

ZOE LOFGREN, California MATT SALMON, Arizona

MICHAEL F. DOYLE, Pennsylvania THOMAS M. DAVIS, Virginia

SHEILA JACKSON LEE, Texas GIL GUTKNECHT, Minnesota

BILL LUTHER, Minnesota MARK FOLEY, Florida

DEBBIE STABENOW, Michigan THOMAS W. EWING, Illinois

BOB ETHERIDGE, North Carolina CHARLES W. "CHIP' PICKERING,

NICK LAMPSON, Texas Mississippi

DARLENE HOOLEY, Oregon CHRIS CANNON, Utah

ELLEN O. TAUSCHER, California KEVIN BRADY, Texas

LOIS CAPPS, California
MERRILL COOK, Utah

BARBARA LEE, California
PHIL ENGLISH, Pennsylvania
GEORGE R. NETHERCUTT, JR.,

Washington
TOM A. COBURN, Oklahoma
PETE SESSIONS, Texas

TODD R. SCHULTZ, Chief of Staff

BARRY C. BERINGER, Chief Counsel
PATRICIA S. SCHWARTZ, Chief Clerk / Administrator

VIVIAN A. TESSIERI, Legislative Clerk
ROBERT E. PALMER, Democratic Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

KEN CALVERT, California, Chairman HARRIS W. FAWELL, Illinois

TIM ROEMER, Indiana CURT WELDON, Pennsylvania

PAUL MCHALE, Pennsylvania DANA ROHRABACHER, California

MICHAEL F. DOYLE, Pennsylvania STEVEN H. SCHIFF, New Mexico

DARLENE HOOLEY, Oregon VERNON J. EHLERS, Michigan

RALPH M. HALL, Texas MATT SALMON, Arizona

EDDIE BERNICE JOHNSON, Texas MARK ADAM FOLEY, Florida

ZOE LOFGREN, California PHIL ENGLISH, Pennsylvania

ALCEE L. HASTINGS, Florida TOM A. COBURN, Oklahoma

*Ranking Minority Member **Vice Chairman

CONTENTS

Page

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75

85

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October 7, 1997: Countdown to Kyoto, Part I: The Science of a Global

Climate Change Agreement

Opening Statement by Representative Ken Calvert (CA-43), Chairman, Sub-

committee on Energy and Environment, Committee on Science, U.S. House

of Representatives

Opening Statement by Representative Tim Roemer (IN-3), Ranking Minority

Member, Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, Committee on

Science, U.S. House of Representatives

Opening Statement by Representative Mike Doyle (PA-18)

Opening Statement by Representative Darlene Hooley (OR-5)

Panel:

Dr. Roy W. Spencer, Senior Scientist for Climate Studies, NASA Marshall

Space Flight Center Global Hydrology and Climate Center, Huntsville,

AL

Oral Testimony

Prepared Testimony

Biography

Dr. Alan Robock, Professor, Department of Meteorology, University of Mary-

land, College, Park, MD

Oral Testimony

Prepared Testimony

Biography

Financial Disclosure Statement

Dr. Aristides A. Patrinos, Associate Director of Energy Research and Director,

Office of Biological and Environmental Research, U.S. Department of En-

ergy, Washington, DC

Oral Testimony

Prepared Testimony

Biography

Dr. Ronald G. Prinn, TEPCO Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Direc-

tor, Center for Global Change Science, Massachusetts Institute of Tech-

nology, Cambridge, MA

Oral Testimony

Prepared Testimony

Biography

Financial Disclosure Statement

Discussion:

Influences on Climate Change

Fragile vs. Resilient Earth

Scientific Evidence for Global Warming

Policy Recommendations

Participation of Developing Countries in Kyoto Agreement

Policy Recommendations

Global Warming.vs. Ice Age

Natural Variability

Past Climate Change

Impact of Kyoto Agreement on Future Climate Change

Confidence of Global Warming Predictions

Impact of Kyoto Agreement on Future Climate Change

Confidence of Global Warming Predictions

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