The Basics of Earth Science

Front Cover
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - 342 pages

Earth science forces, including earthquakes, fossils, the Earth's spheres, the Big Bang Theory, El Nino, and the atmosphere, are presented at a level appropriate for beginners. Concepts are clarified through the use of examples, tables, and figures. Readers will also learn about more advanced topics within earth science, including geochronology, seismology, and geomagnetism.

A chapter on the history of earth science illustrates the background of the topic before readers delve into more advanced concepts. Additional material for students includes an appendix with hands-on earth science projects, a glossary, a bibliography, and person and subject indexes for quick reference.

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Geological Time
Geological Forces Processes and Systems
Earths Structure
Earths Resources
Earths Inner Spheres
Biosphere Envelope of Life
Hydrosphere Sphere of Water
Atmosphere Sphere of Air
Climate and Weather
Earth Science Projects
Selected Bibliography
Subject Index

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 89 - For convenience all minerals are referred to a scale of hardness of ten units, composed of common or well known minerals, which are as follows: (1) talc; (2) gypsum; (3) calcite; (4) fluorite; (5) apatite; (6) orthoclase; (7) quartz; (8) topaz; (9) sapphire; and (10) diamond.
Page 53 - Well-built buildings suffer considerable damage. Houses that are not bolted down move off their foundations. Some underground pipes are broken. The ground cracks. Reservoirs suffer serious damage. X. Most buildings and their foundations are destroyed. Some bridges are destroyed. Dams are seriously damaged. Large landslides occur. Water is thrown on the banks of canals, rivers, lakes. The ground cracks in large areas. Railroad tracks are bent slightly.
Page 320 - ... (THERMO) Function of the state of a thermodynamic system whose change in any differential reversible process is equal to the heat absorbed by the system from its surroundings divided by the absolute temperature of the system. Also known as thermal charge.
Page 27 - For converting energy from one form to another the principle of conservation of energy (which states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed, it can merely be converted from one form to another) can be invoked.
Page 325 - It includes the three generations of quarks and leptons. the electroweak theory of the weak and electromagnetic forces, and the quantum chromodynamic theory of the strong force. It does not include answers to some basic questions such as how to unify the electroweak forces with the strong or gravitational forces.
Page 53 - Almost everyone feels movement. Sleeping people are awakened. Doors swing open or close. Dishes are broken. Pictures on the wall move. Small objects move or are turned over. Trees might shake. Liquids might spill out of open containers. VI.
Page xii - Copernicus who wrote that the Earth was not the center of the Universe and that...
Page 188 - The specific humidity is the mass of water vapor per unit mass of moist air...

About the author (2003)

ROBERT E. KREBS is retired Associate Dean for Research at the University of Illinois Health Sciences. He is also a former science teacher, science specialist for the U.S. Government, and university research administrator.

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